Ergonomics is “an applied science concerned with designing and arranging things people use, so that the people and things interact most efficiently and safely;” as defined by Merriam-Webster. Ergonomics is a science concerned with the 'fit' between people and their work.
The name 'ergonomics' comes from the Greek words 'ergon', which means work and 'nomos' which means law. The goal of ergonomics which is the scientific study of people at work is to prevent soft tissue injuries and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) caused by sudden or sustained exposure to force, vibration, repetitive motion, and awkward posture. In all it can be said that ergonomics is a field of study that attempts to reduce strain, fatigue, and injuries by improving product design and workspace arrangement.
The goal is to provide a comfortable, relaxed posture so as to increase efficiency and productivity of the worker at workplace. Objectives of Ergonomics and Appropriate Technologies Practical Manual is (a) To become aware of the role of ergonomics in daily life and its application., (b) To gain knowledge about the work, worker and workplace., (c) To understand the various factors contributing to workers performance at work.
1. Introduction to Ergonomics, 2. Domains of Ergonomics, 3. Principles of Ergonomics, 4. Base Materials, Insulating Materials and Finishes, 5. Anthropometric Measurements, 6. Normal and Maximum Reach Zones, 7. Principles of Doing Work, 8. Work Simplification, 9. Kitchen Utensils and Tools, 10. Household Equipments and Devices, 11. Cutlery (Spoons) and Its Uses, 12. Pressure Cooker, 13. Pots and Pans, 14. Frying Pans, 15. Toaster and Sandwich Maker, 16. Vacuum Cleaner, 17. Microwave Oven, 18. Mixer/Juicer, 19. Refrigerator, 20. Washing Machine, 21. Dishwasher, 22. Electric Cooking Range, 23.Solar Cooker, 24.Kitchen Layouts, 25. Designing an Ergonomic Kitchen, 26. Market Survey