Heterosis Breeding in Vegetable Crops

authored by: Nagendra Rai & Mathura Rai
ISBN: 9788189422035 | Binding: Hardback | Pages: 564 | Language: English | Year of Publishing: 2006
Length: 191 mm | Breadth: 36.9 mm | Height: 235 mm | Imprint: NIPA | Weight: 1320 GMS
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Vegetable production in our country is still dominated by locally available genotypes or open-pollinated varieties, which are low-yielding and susceptible to various insect pests and diseases. This is largely due to farmers' lack of knowledge and poor extension services. Therefore, there is a need to cultivate vegetable hybrids to increase production, productivity, and quality. The development of hybrids from existing varieties plays a crucial role not only in increasing productivity but also in combating several problems faced by farmers. To achieve these objectives, the authors have made an effort to provide information on the development of vegetable hybrids, both theoretically and practically, in the form of a book entitled "Heterosis Breeding in Vegetable Crops." This publication contains 17 chapters in two sections. The first section includes 10 chapters related to the theoretical aspects of heterosis, such as (i) Introduction to Heterosis, (ii) Basis of Heterosis, (iii) Commercial Exploitation of Heterosis, (iv) Reproduction, Pollen, and Pollen Biotechnology, (v) Population Improvement of Parents/Hybrids Varieties, (vi) Genetic Purity Testing of Hybrids, (vii) Hybrid Varieties Testing and Release Procedures in India, (viii) Biotechnology and Vegetable Improvement, (ix) Intellectual Property Right-related Issues in Hybrid Technology, and (x) Economics, Import, and Export. The second section consists of practical aspects of hybrid seed production and includes seven chapters on different vegetable crops, such as (xi) Solanaceous Crops—Tomato, Brinjal, Chilli, and Bell Pepper, (xii) Malvaceous Crops—Okra, (xiii) Cole Crops—Cabbage and Cauliflower, (xiv) Cucurbitaceous Crops—Bitter Gourd, Bottle Gourd, Cucumber, Muskmelon, Watermelon, Pumpkin, Ridged and Smooth Gourd, (xv) Root Crops—Carrot, (xvi) Bulb Crops—Onion, and (xvii) Hints for Hybrid Cultivation. All the chapters include references, illustrations, and tables. The publication also contains characteristics of national released hybrids with colored photographs, which would be useful to teachers, scientists, students, extension workers, vegetable industry, and farmers in our country.

Nagendra Rai began professional career as Junior Scientist in May 1993 and went up the ladder through Senior Scientist (Horticulture) at ICAR, Research Complex for NEH Region, Meghalaya and Principal Scientist (Vegetable Science) at Indian Institute of Vegetable Research, Varanasi.Taught several graduate/ post-graduate level courses in horticulture (Vegetable Crops) and guided research of many students which led to award of M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees in various disciplines of Vegetable Science. Developed more than 25 varieties/ lines/ hybrids of vegetable crops like tomato, brinjal, cowpea, French bean, Indian bean and  turmeric. Also generated production technologies in Vegetable Crops for various part of the country like Udham Singh Nagar of Uttrakhand, Raipur of Chhattisgarh and Umiam of Meghalaya.Fellows of National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, International Society for Noni Sciences, Society for Horticultural Research and Development, Uttar Pradesh Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Indian Society of Vegetable Science. Recipient of Kirti Singh Lifetime Achievement Award, Harbhajan Singh Memorial Award, Research Paper Reviewer Award, Year of the Scientist Award, Distinguished Scientist Award, Young Scientist Associate Award and  Crop Research Award. Publications 275 comprising research papers, books, book chapters, popular articles, technical bulletins/ manuals/ souvenirs and extension folders related to vegetable crops. Editor of Current Horticulture, Progressive Agriculture- An International Journal & Legume Research and Joint -Editor of Vegetable Science. Leadership in both fund mobilization and human resource development.

Mathura Rai: Director: Indian Institute of Vegetable Research (ICAR), Varanasi- 221 005,Uttar Pradesh India

Section I. Principles of Heterosis: 01. Introduction of Heterosis 02. Basis of Heterosis 03. Manifestation of Heterosis 04. Reproduction, Pollen and Pollen Biotechnology 05. Population Improvement of Parents/Hybrid Varieties 06. Hybrid Varieties Testing and Release Procedures in India 07. Genetic Purity Testing of Hybrids 08. Biotechnology and Vegetable Improvement 09. Intellectual Property Rights Related Issues in Hybrid Technology 10. Economics, Import and Export Section II. Techniques for Hybrid Seed Production: 11. Solanaceous Crops 12. Malvaceous Crops 13. Cole Crops 14. Cucurbitaceous Crops 15. Root Crops 16. Bulb Crops 17. Hints for Cultivation

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