Animal husbandry is strongly influenced by weather and climate. Climate change/variability imposes multiple stresses in animals and thus vital to understand the impact of environmental stress on livestock production and reproduction. Among the environmental variables affecting livestock, heat stress seems to be one of the more intriguing factors making difficult animal reproduction and production. Information and knowledge on animal responses to the environment continues to be in process, managing livestock to reduce the impact of adverse weather and climate remains a challenge. Responding to the challenges of global warming necessitate a paradigm shift in the practice of agriculture and in the role of livestock within the farming system. The key thematic issues on environment stress and livestock production includes: early warning system, multiple stress research, exploitation of genetic potential of native breeds, suitable breeding programme and nutritional intervention research. Livestock farmers should have key roles in determining what adaptation and mitigation strategies they support if these have to sustain livestock production in changing climate. The integration of new technologies into the research and technology transfer systems potentially offers many opportunities to further the development of climate change adaptation strategies. This publication is therefore a multi-authored attempt to present the scientific fraternity high quality resource material in the field of climate change and livestock production. Attempts were made to discuss the adaptive mechanism that the animal exhibits to counteract the adverse effects of heat stress. In addition to the adaptive mechanisms, several management and feeding practices have also been established as tested methods for reduction of stress effects in livestock. It also highlights the challenges the livestock industry faces in maintaining the delicate balance between animal welfare and production. This book is a comprehensive resource for the researchers, teachers and students to understand stress, stress management and livestock productivity so as to sustain animal production in the Country under projected climate change scenario.
1. Climate Change Adaptation in Animal Agriculture Lipismita Samal, G. Krishnan, M. Bagath, V. Sejian, P.K. Malik and R. Bhatta 2. Impacts of Climate Change in Animal Agriculture V.U.M. Rao 3. Climate Change and Animal Agriculture G.S.L.H.V. Prasada Rao, G. Girish Varma, A. Prasad, S. Sankaralingam A.P. Usha, T.S. Rajeev, Deepa Ananth and T. Unnikrishnan 4. Heat Stress in Dairy Cattle - Consequences and Management K. Karthiayini, Shibu K. Jacob, Muhammed.E.M. and Zahoor Ahmad Pampori 5. Existing Dairy Housing Systems and Its Suitability in Different Agro-Climatic Regions of Tamil Nadu Suraj P.T and T. Sivakumar 6. Management of Lactating Dairy Cow During Period of Heat Stress Dharmendra Kumar, Asit Chakrabarti and Prakash Kahate 7. Thermoregulation and Resilient to Climatic Changes in Came Sajjan Singh and N V Patil 8. Physio-Genomic Responses of Pigs to Heat Stress: Strategies for Mitigation of Climatic Stress Mohan N.H 9. Impending Climate Change and Thermal Adaptability of Yaks G. Krishnan, V. Paul, P. J. Das, S. S. Hanah, T. K. Biswas M. Bagath and V. Sejian 10. Adaptation and Mitigation in Poultry Production Against Climate Change/Variability A. Natarajan 11. Livestock Production and Health – Strategies for Sustainable Production under Climate Change Scenario Deepa Ananth 12. Advances in Nutrition and Production Management in Ruminants to Mitigate Climate Change Dharmendra Kumar, Asit Chakrabarti, Prakash Kahate, Suraj P.T, and C. Balusami 13. Impact of Nutrition in Augmenting Production and Reproduction in Small Ruminants V.P. Maurya, V. Sejian, Gyanendra Singh and Mihir Sarkar 14. Food Safety and Security in Relation to Animal Agriculture and Climate Change Mahesh Chander1 and Prakashkumar Rathod 15. Conservation of Native Breeds Under Projected Climate Change Scenario K.C. Raghavan and M. Manoj 16. Climate Resilient Livestock and Poultry Production N. Maragatham, R. Karthikeyan, D. Rajakumar and R. Mathivanan 17. Futuristic Strategies for Fodder and Waste Management in Climate Change Scenario Francis Xavier and Deepak Mathew 18. Conceptual Design of Future Farms in the Context of Changing Climate Stephen Mathew, Marykutty Thomas, Abhilash, R.S and Ajith, K.S 19. Climate Change and Agriculture in North East India: A Retrospective Analysis Anjumoni Mech, Sejian Veerasamy, Arindam Dhali and R.U. Suganthi 20. One Health and Climate Change C. Latha and K. Vrinda Menon 21. Advanced Biotechnological Tools with Potential Applications in Climate Change Studies in Farm Animals T. V. Aravindakshan 22. Livestock Insurance – Present and Future Kolli N. Rao 23. Adaptive Mechanisms and Mitigation Strategies for Bovine Under Tropical Climatic Conditions Sohan Vir Singh, Simson Soren and Anil Kumar